Special Needs Planning
Special Needs Planning is a unique area of law that involves planning for the future of loved ones with disabilities. Special Needs Planning addresses the future financial, life management, and medical care of a child or adult living with certain disabilities or conditions.
Mobile Legal Services offers special needs planning services throughout Southeast Michigan. Our attorneys meet clients in their homes, nursing homes, or other convenient locations — for no additional cost — in the Downriver Detroit area and all of Monroe County, Washtenaw County, Southern Macomb County, Oakland County, and Wayne County.
Types of Special Needs Trusts
One way attorneys assist families in planning for those with special needs is to set up a Special or Supplemental Needs Trust (commonly referred to as a SNT). A Supplemental Needs Trust can allow for a person with disabilities to receive gifts, inheritances, and other financial assets — which may enhance their lifestyle — without affecting their eligibility for essential government benefits. These benefits may include Social Security Income or Medicaid.
There are two basic types of Supplemental Needs Trusts; a ‘first party’ trust, and a ‘third party’ trust.
First Party Supplemental Needs Trusts
A first party trust is set up by the court and is funded with the disabled person’s own money. This can be used when funds are received through a lawsuit, an inheritance, or even if the disabled person had assets prior to becoming disabled.
Third Party Supplemental Needs Trusts
A third party supplemental needs trust is generally established by a relative or guardian of the disabled person and is funded with other people’s money. This type of trust is beneficial when a family has a member with special needs who they want to leave money to upon their death, but don’t want to compromise the disabled person’s government benefits.
Legal Guardianship for Adults with Special Needs
Guardianship proceedings for a person with special needs may also be necessary in order to protect their overall well-being. In Michigan, when a child turns 18, his or her parents no longer have the right to direct decisions regarding the child’s finances or health care. Once an individual turns 18, in the eyes of the law, they are deemed to be a competent adult, free to make their own decisions, good or bad. They retain this right until they die or until a court enters an order that says that they are not competent.
If you have a child or loved one with special needs, it is never too early to start planning for their future care and happiness. Please call us today for a free telephone consultation.